Site Navigation

"Genetically Engineered Plants and Foods:
A Scientist’s Analysis of the Issues (Part II)"

Link to e-print | Click here to see Part I of the article.

Lemaux PG. 2009. “Genetically Engineered Plants and Foods: A Scientist’s Analysis of the Issues (Part II). Annual Review of Plant Biology 60: 511–59.


1. INTRODUCTION (p. 513)


2.1. Will the Widespread Use of Bt Crops Lead to the Development of Insect Resistance to Bt? (p. 513)

2.2. Besides Genetically Engineered Crops, Does Genetic Engineering Play a Role in Producing Food? (p. 516)

2.3. Could the Use of Genetically Engineered Crops Result in a Loss of Plant Biodiversity? (p. 517)

2.4. Will the Use of Genetically Engineered Crops Result in the Population Decline of Other Organisms? (p. 518)

2.5. Will the Use of Herbicide-Tolerant Genetically Engineered Crops Lead to Superweeds? (p. 519)

2.6. What Methods Are Used to Help Plants Protect Themselves Against Pests? (p. 520)

2.7. Does the Use of Genetically Engineered Crops Result in Decreased Use of Pesticides? (p. 521)

2.8. Is It True that Bt Crops Need Additional Insecticide Applications? (p. 524)

2.9. Can the Introduction of Virus-Resistant Genetically Engineered Plants Lead to Novel Viruses? (p. 525)

2.10. Can Plants and Microbes Be Engineered To Improve the Environment? (p. 526)

2.11. Can Genes From Genetically Engineered Plants Move to Bacteria in the Field? (p. 527)

2.12. Is the Loss of Honeybees Due to Genetically Engineered Crops? (p. 527)

2.13. Can Federal Regulatory Agencies Stop Planting of Genetically Engineered Crops That Pose Environmental Risks? (p. 528)

2.14. What Happens When Pollen Moves From Genetically Engineered Crops to Wild Relatives or Non-Genetically Engineered Varieties? In Areas of Genetic Diversity? (p. 529)

2.15. What Happens When Pollen Moves from Genetically Engineered Crops to Organic Crops? (p. 532)

2.16. Can Organic, Conventional and Genetically Engineered Cropping Systems Coexist? (p. 533)

2.17. Can Use of Genetically Engineered Crops or Organic Farming Lead to More Sustainable Agricultural Production Systems? (p. 534)


3.1. Why Do Farmers Plant Genetically Engineered Crops and Who Profits From Them? (p. 535)

3.2. Will Plants with Terminator-Type Genes Prevent Replanting of Genetically Engineered Crops? (p. 537)

3.3. Why Are Genetically Engineered Crops Patented? Does This Affect Farmers in the United States or Developing Countries? (p. 538)

3.4. Does the Export Market Affect Decisions by Farmers to Grow Genetically Engineered Crops? (p. 539)

3.5. Who Is Commercializing Genetically Engineered Crops and What Is the Outcome? (p. 541)

3.6. Don’t We Produce Enough Food to Feed the World Without Genetically Engineered Crops? (p. 542)